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天问:变动中的环境认知

发布者:历史学院 发布时间:2017-05-19 12:05:00 阅读量:

国际学术研讨会

 

2017年5月25-27日 北京
 

中国人民大学生态史研究中心

德国慕尼黑大学蕾切尔·卡森环境与社会中心

德国马克斯·普朗克科学史研究所

共同主办
 

KNOWING NATURE:

 

The Changing Foundations of Environmental Knowledge

 

International conference convened at Renmin University of China,

25-27 May 2017
 

Cosponsored by the Rachel Carson Center, Munich,

the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, and

the Center for Ecological History, Renmin University, Beijing
 

5月25日,星期四

 

前言Preface

 
    谁最了解自然?这是一个具有悠久历史的问题。对自然的了解,开始于我们的非人类动物同胞之中——用长矛刺鱼的类人猿,以树枝挖虫的鸟儿,它对早期的人科动物同样至关重要。采集者欲求生存,必须考虑其环境。伴随文明的出现,各种相互竞争的知识共同体不断演化,每一共同体各自拥有规范化的准则与过程。其间农夫同手工业者互争长短,宗教领袖与城市专家一比高低。在以科学和技术为根基的现代社会中,那些宣称自身知识更胜一筹的对手们数量日多,越发碎片化。科学知识亦变得日益复杂,在某些团体中,也遭遇更多的抵制。历史学家、哲学家、人类学家、社会学家,或抗言何为真理,或彻底否认对客观真理的探索。如从前一样,那些获取定义知识权力的人总是可以为自然世界带来深远的影响。

    Who knows nature best? This is a question that has a truly ancient history. Knowing nature began among our fellow nonhuman creatures—an ape spearing a fish, a bird extracting grubs with a twig--and was vital to early hominids. Foragers had to think about their environments simply to survive.  With the rise of civilizations discrete communities of knowledge evolved, each with formalized standards and processes that competed for power. Peasants competed against craftsmen, religious leaders, and urban experts. In modern societies based on science and technology, those rivals claiming superior knowledge have become more and more numerous and fragmented. Scientific knowledge is becoming increasingly complicated, and in some circles increasingly resisted. Historians, philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists of knowledge have fought to say what counts as truth, or to deny altogether the quest for objective truth. And always, the question of who gets to define knowledge can have profound consequences for society and for the natural world.

    我们的会议试图超越简单的二元论——现代性与传统,科学与宗教,民间智慧与城市愚昧,以期在世界范围内进行比较,将地球与历史中为人所忽视的部分带入我们的视野。我们将强调以下四个分论题。首先是“纠缠于生命之网”,专注于人类如何尝试以实用的方式组织,或时而重组包括动植物与微生物在内的炫目世界。其次是“掌控躁动的地球”,探讨人们为解释不同形式的自然,如地震、气候变化、雨林、火山,所做的努力。我们的第三个论题——“应对水与野性”,将追随水流,以及那些意图在思想与实践层面虏获水流,或者自我们的掌控中解放水流的尝试。最后是“发展中的国家”,我们将比较各种衡量环境与景观之经济潜力,并开发其生产力的国家化努力。

    Our conference will seek to move beyond simple dichotomies (modernity vs. tradition, science vs. religion, folk wisdom vs. urban ignorance), to develop comparisons around the world, and to bring neglected parts of space and time into view. We will address four subthemes. “Entangled in the Web of Life” focuses on how humans have tried to organize, and sometimes to re-organize, the dazzling world of plants and animals, including microorganisms, in useful ways. “Grasping the Restless Earth” deals with efforts to explain nature in the form of earthquakes, climate change, rain forests, and volcanoes. Our third theme, “Managing the Wet and the Wild,” follows the flow of water and various human efforts to capture that flow in thought and practice—or to liberate rivers from our control.  Finally, in “Developing the Country,” we will compare various nationalized efforts to assess environments and landscapes for their economic potential and to exploit their productivity.   

5月25日,星期四 THURSDAY, MAY 25

中国人民大学图书馆三楼多功能厅

Multi-function Hall, 3rd Floor, Library, RUC

 
开幕式 Opening Ceremony / 3:00-3:40 pm

    主持:夏明方(中国人民大学)
    Moderator: XIA Mingfang (RUC)
    翻译:侯深(中国人民大学)
    Translator:HOU Shen (RUC)

    开幕式致辞:
    中国人民大学副校长 洪大用
    中国人民大学历史学院院长 黄兴涛
    蕾切尔·卡森社会与环境中心联合主任、德意志博物馆研究部主任 赫尔穆特·特里施勒
    Welcoming remarks by HONG, Dayong, vice president of Renmin University of China (RUC); HUANG Xingtao, Dean of the School of History, RUC; and Helmuth TRISCHLER, Co-Director of the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, and Research Director of the Deutsches Museum, Munich
    合影Group photograph / 3:40-4:00 pm

主题演讲  Keynote address / 4:00-5:30 pm
    
    《王朝中国之政治与科学变迁》
    “Politics and Scientific Change in Dynastic China”

    演讲人:薛凤(德国马克斯·普朗克科学史研究所执行主任,《工开万物》作者)
    Dagmar SCHÄFER, Managing Director of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, and author of The Crafting of the 10,000 Things
    主持人:唐纳德·沃斯特(中国人民大学海外高层次文教专家)
    Introduction by Donald WORSTER (Distinguished Foreign Expert, RUC)
    评议人:王思明(南京农业大学中华农业文明研究院院长)
    Comment by WANG Siming (Dean of the Institute of Chinese Agricultural Civilization, Nanjing Agricultural University)

5月26日,星期五 FRIDAY, MAY 26

汇贤大厦C座,会议室401

Conference Room 401, Huixian Building Tower C

 

第一组:纠缠于生命之网 8:30am-12:00pm

Session I:Tangled in the Web of Life  /8:30am-12:00pm

 
    主持:唐纳德·沃斯特
    Chair:Donald WORSTER

    1.莎拉·埃勒斯(英国,莱斯特大学医疗人文中心):《定要向所有采采蝇宣战:维多利亚湖区之环境睡眠病》
    Sarah EHLERS (Centre for Medical Humanities, University of Leicester), “‘War Must Be Declared on All the Tsetse Flies’: Environmental Sleeping Sickness Control in the Lake Victoria Region, 1900-1920”

评议:车群 

Critic:CHE Qun

 
    2.车群(上海交通大学历史系):《血吸虫流行病与环境变迁:湖南沅江的个案研究,18-19世纪》
    CHE Qun (Department of History, Shanghai Jiaotong University), “The Schistosomiasis Epidemic and Environmental Change: A Case Study of Yuanjiang County, Hunan, in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries”


评议:曹玲

Critic:CAO Ling

 
    3.桑德拉·斯沃特(南非,斯泰伦波斯大学):《鲜血、白骨与狒狒:了解南非的社会-环境史路径》
    Sandra SWART (Stellenbosch University), “Blood, Bones and Baboons: Ways of Knowing in South Africa’s Socio-Environmental History”

评议:艾伦·麦凯琴

Critic:Alan MacEACHERN


茶歇 Tea and coffee break /10:00-10:30am   

 
    4.多萝特·布兰茨(德国,柏林大都市研究中心):《自然知识的栖息地:19世纪柏林的动物展览》
    Dorothee BRANTZ (Center for Metropolitan Studies TU Berlin), “Nature’s Knowledge Habitats: Animal Displays in Nineteenth-Century Berlin”

评议:桑德拉·斯沃特

Critic:Sandra SWART

 
    5.曹玲(南京信息工程大学):《明、清、民国时期玉米传播与种植的时空特点分析:以地方志为基础》
    CAO Ling (Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology), “Analysis of Space-time Characteristics of the Spread and Cultivation of Maize in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China Based on Local Gazetteers”

评议:多萝特·布兰茨

Critic:Dorothee BRANTZ

 
    6.艾伦·麦凯琴(加拿大,西安大略大学):《应季的第一台割草机:以物候学感知加拿大的天气与气候》
    Alan MacEACHERN (Department of History, University of Western Ontario), “The First Lawnmower of the Season:Knowing Weather and Climate in Canada through Phenology”

评议:莎拉·埃勒斯

Critic:Sarah EHLERS


第二组:掌控躁动的地球 2:00-5:30 pm

Session II:  Grasping the Restless Earth /2:00-5:30 pm

 
    主持:柯安慈 (德国 , 中国人民大学)
    Chair:Agnes KNEITZ (RUC)

    1.利诺·坎普鲁维(德国,马普科学史所):《全球环境的涌现》
    Lino CAMPRUBI (Max-Plank-Institute Berlin), “The Emergence of the Global Environment”

评议:若泽·奥古斯托·帕杜阿

Critic:José-Augusto PADUA

 
    2.卡特林·克勒曼(德国,蕾切尔·卡森中心/慕尼黑大学):《揭开无知的迷雾:欧洲与1783年拉基裂缝爆发》
    Katrin KLEEMANN (LMU / RCC), “Lifting the Fog of Ignorance: Europe and the Icelandic Laki Fissure Eruption of 1783” 

评议:利诺·坎普鲁维

Critic:Lino CAMPRUBI

 
    3.孙萌萌(上海交通大学科学史与科学文化研究院):《竺可桢之气候变化思想与西方世界对新冰期的忧虑》
    SUN Mengmeng (Shanghai Jiaotong University), “Co-Ching Chu's Thought on Climate Change and the Worry of A New Ice Age from the West World”

评议:卡特林·克勒曼

Critic:Katrin KLEEMANN


茶歇 Tea and coffee break /3:30-4:00pm

 
    4.李永祥(云南社会科学院):《云南少数民族灾害神话的认知隐喻与文化解释》
    LI Yongxiang (Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences), “The Cognitive Implication and Cultural Interpretation of Disaster Myths of Ethnic Groups in Yunnan”

评议:王瓒玮

Critic:WANG Zanwei

 
    5.若泽·奥古斯托·帕杜阿(巴西,里约热内卢联邦大学):《对殖民热带自然与自然破坏之批判性理解的出现:以巴西为例,1790-1825》
    José-Augusto PADUA (Institute of History, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), “The Rise of a Critical Understanding of Nature and Nature Destruction in the Colonial Tropics: The Case of Brazil (1790-1825)”


评议:李永祥

Critic:LI Yongxiang

 
    6.王瓒玮(中国社会科学院日本研究所):《冲突与融合:东亚秩序变动下的中日地震认知变迁》
    WANG Zanwei (Institute of Japanese Studies, CASS), “Conflict and Fusion: The Earthquake Cognition Variation of China and Japan under East Asian Order of Change”

评议:孙萌萌

Critic:SUN Mengmeng


5月27日,星期六 SATURDAY, MAY 27

汇贤大厦C座,会议室401

Conference Room 401, Huixian Building Tower C

 

第三组:应对水与野性 8:30 am-12 noon

Session III:  Managing the Wet and the Wild  /8:30 am-12 noon

 
    主持:曾华璧 (长庚大学)
    Chair:TSENG Hua-Pi (Chang Gung University)

    1.黄瑜(香港科技大学):《“充满活力的药渣”:南中国水产品安全控制的知识竞争》
    HUANG Yu (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology), “Vibrant Drug Residues: Contending Knowledge on Aquatic Food Safety Control in South China”

评议:潘明涛

Critic:PAN Mingtao

 
    2.伊娃·雅各布森(挪威,斯塔万格大学):《“水王国”:18世纪自然史家眼中的水知识》
    Eva JAKOBSSON (University of Stavanger), “The Water Kingdom”: Water Knowledge Through the Eyes of an 18th-Century Natural Historian”

评议:安娜·俄伦南寇

Critic:Anna OLENENKO

 
    3.潘明涛(中山大学历史学系):《15-19世纪畿辅水学的演变》
    PAN Mingtao (Sun Yat-Sen University), “The Evolution of Water Management Theories in the Capital Area (15th-19th Centuries)”

评议:孙竞昊

Critic:SUN Jinghao


茶歇Tea and coffee break /10:00-10:30am

 
    4.斯特凡·多隆戴尔(罗马尼亚,人类学研究所):《多瑙河下游的垦荒:修复、自我恢复与混杂自然》
    Stefan DORONDEL (Francisc I Rainer Institute of Anthropology Bucharest), “Reclaiming Wilderness along the Lower Danube: Restoration, Spontaneous Recovery and Hybrid Nature”

评议:伊娃·雅各布森

Critic:Eva Jakobsson

 
    5.安娜·俄伦南寇(乌克兰,Khortytsia国家科学院):《草原湿地:景观科学概念与建设之对抗》
    Anna OLENENKO Khortytsia National Academy), “Steppe Wetlands:Confrontation of the Scientific Concepts and Construction of the Landscape”

评议:斯特凡·多隆戴尔

Critic:Stefan DORONDEL

 
    6.孙竞昊(浙江大学历史系):《治水之道:明清时期山东西部运河流域水柜功能的若干思考》
    SUN Jinghao (Zhejiang University), “The Way of Water Management in Late Imperial China: Reflections on the Mechanism of the Shuigui Reservoirs in Western Shandong”

评议:黄瑜

Critic:HUANG Yu


第四组:发展中的国家 2:00-5:00 pm

Session IV: Developing the Country /2:00-5:00 pm

 
    主持:陈昊(中国人民大学)
    Chair:CHEN Hao ( RUC)

    1.彼得·拉维尔(美国,天普大学):《在19世纪中国了解自然资源》
    Peter LAVELLE (Temple University), “Knowing Natural Resources in Nineteenth-Century China”

评议:玛利亚·阿夫克森泰斯卡亚

Critic:Maria AVXENTEVSKAYA

 
    2.詹姆斯·林(美国,加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校):《饥饿斗士:传教士、科学与中国发展的起源,1920-1949》
    James LIN (University of California, Berkeley), “Hunger Fighters: Missionaries, Science, and the Origins of Development in China, 1920-1949”

评议:伊恩·坎贝尔

Critic:Ian CAMPBELL

 
    3.斯利亚·贾伊思瓦尔(印度,Tata社会科学研究所(孟买)):《在质询环境争议之政治与意识前提中整合政治经济学、观念与科学:印度康坎铁路的个案研究》
    Sreeja JAISWAL (Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai (Maharashtra), “Integrating Political Economy, Ideas and Science in Interrogating the Political and Ideological Premises of Environmental Controversies in India: A Case Study of the Konkan Railways”

评议:彼得·拉维尔

Critic:Peter LAVELLE


茶歇 Tea and coffee break  /3:15-3:45pm

 
    4.玛利亚·阿夫克森泰斯卡亚(德国,马普科学史所):《转化中的环境:俄罗斯林学管理的建立》
    Maria AVXENTEVSKAYA (Max-Plank-Institute Berlin), “Environment in Translation Establishing Russian Forestry Management”

评议:香农·斯顿登·鲍尔

Critic:Shannon Stunden BOWER

 
    5.香农·斯顿登·鲍尔(加拿大,阿尔伯塔大学):《理性开发的工具:20世纪中叶加拿大土地普查与地理信息系统》
    Shannon Stunden BOWER (University of Alberta), “Tools for Rational Development: The Canada Land Inventory and the Canada Geographic Information System in Mid-20th Century Canada”

评议:斯利亚·贾伊思瓦尔

Critic:Sreeja JAISWAL

 
    6.伊恩·坎贝尔(美国,加利福尼亚大学戴维斯分校):《“面包篮抑或牲畜栏”:专业知识与哈萨克草原的未来,1868-1917》
    Ian CAMPBELL (University of California, Davis), “‘Breadbasket or Stockyard?'  Expertise and the Future of the Kazak Steppe, 1868-1917”

评议:詹姆斯·林

Critic:James LIN


总结讨论 5:00-5:30pm

Concluding Discussion /5:00-5:30pm

 
    主持:侯深
    Moderator: HOU Shen
    讨论人:赫尔穆特·特里施勒、夏明方
    Discussants: Helmuth TRISCHLER and XIA Mingfang


注意Notes

 

注册 Registration

 
    注册时间:5月25日上午8:00-下午2:00,燕山大酒店大厅我们将在下午2:30在燕山大酒店大厅集合一起前往会场
    Registration desk opens from 8am – 2pm, May 25, in the lobby of Yanshan Hotel. At 2:30pm we will gather in the hotel lobby and walk to the opening plenary session together.

会议 Sessions

 
    每场会议将以对论文的简短评议开始,而后进行讨论。评议一般为10分钟左右,应首先对文章的主题与论点做简短介绍,评价其优劣之处,并提供进一步讨论的问题。
    Each session will consist of peer critiques of papers (ca. 10 min) followed by general discussion. The critiques should provide a brief summary of the main themes or argument of the assigned paper and then an assessment of strengths and weaknesses along with further questions for discussion.  
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